glossary
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bioaccumulation n. (bioaccumulation)
1. accumulation process of a chemical by a living organism from its environment
2. approach of environmental quality monitoring through the concentration of a chemical accumulated in a living organism

bioavailability n. (biodisponibilité)
amount of a chemical presents in the environment accumulable by a living organism

biocoenosis n. (biocœnose)
biological component of a considered ecosystem

bioconcentration n. (bioconcentration)
concentration process of a chemical bioaccumulated compared to its environmental content

biodiversity n. (biodiversity)
the number of species present in a given area

biogeochemical cycle n. (cycle biogéochimique)
all cyclic transfer processes of elements between the different natural compartments (lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere)

biogeochemistry n. (biogéochimie)
science that studies the element dynamics between the different natural compartments (lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere)

bioindication n. (bioindication)
approach of environmental quality monitoring through the biological integrity on the individual or ecological scale (morphology, physiology, community, or ecosystem) under the influence of a pollutant

biological invasion n. (invasion biologique)
process by which the distribution area of a newly introduced biological species extends to the detriment of curently present species, usually due to human action

biomagnification n. (bioamplification)
transfer and concentration process of a chemical bioaccumulated throughout the trophic levels

biomarker n. (biomarquage)
approach of environmental quality monitoring through the biological integrity on the infra-individual scale (cell, molecule, or biochemistry) under the influence of a pollutant

biome n. (biome)
region on the global scale characterized by a distinct and adapted ecosystem

biomonitoring n. (biosurveillance)
monitoring of environmental quality using biological tools on different scales

biosphere n. (biosphère)
the region of the planet containing all living organisms

biotope n. (biotope)
physicochemical and spatial components of a considered ecosystem